e-Book Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America's Entry into World War II download

e-Book Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America's Entry into World War II download

by Patrick J. Hearden

ISBN: 0875805388
ISBN13: 978-0875805382
Language: English
Publisher: Northern Illinois University Press; 1 edition (February 1, 1987)
Pages: 340
Category: Military
Subategory: History

ePub size: 1430 kb
Fb2 size: 1607 kb
DJVU size: 1547 kb
Rating: 4.7
Votes: 199
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While broadly concerned about the nature of New Deal diplomacy, Patrick J. Hearden's Roosevelt Confronts Hitler pays special attention to American policy toward Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1941. Rather, it might be "The Roosevelt Administration Confronts the Economies of Fascist Regimes as the Motivation for America's Entry Into World War II". (Not a very catchy title, but infinitely more accurate.

Roosevelt Confronts Hitler book. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America's Entry into World War II as Want to Read: Want to Read saving. Start by marking Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America's Entry into World War II as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

Hearden, Patrick . 1942-. Canon EOS 5D Mark II. City. World War, 1939-1945, World War, 1939-1945, World War, 1939-1945.

Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America’s Entry into World War II, DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1987.

Patrick J. Hearden (born September 17, 1942) is the Professor of History at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. He specializes in the history of American foreign policy. degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1971. Roosevelt Confronts Hitler: America’s Entry into World War II, DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1987. Independence and Empire: The New South’s Cotton Mill Campaign, 1865-1901, DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1982.

Book, Online - Google Books. Hearden, Patrick . The decision to divide Germany : American foreign policy in transition, John H. Backer. Germany and American neutrality, 1939-1941, H. L. Trefousse.

By Patrick T. Hearden. Roosevelt Confronts Hitler Americas Entry into World War II. Patrick T. Close. 1 2 3 4 5. Want to Read.

By Patrick J. Heardon. Northern Illinois University Press, 1987, 328 pp. Purchase. Following the inspiration of William Appleman Williams, the author argues that the Nazi threat to the American vision of an open economic international system was the central reason the United States went to war. Following different assumptions, other historians have made an equally strong case for the primacy of strategic military concerns. The two points of view, however, may represent a distinction without a fundamental difference.

HEARDEN, PATRICK J. (Author) Northern Illinois University Press (Publisher). Threshold of war Franklin D. Roosevelt and American entry into World War II. Books. The male body at war American masculinity during World War II. Imperial War Museums home Connect with IWM.

Personal Name: Hearden, Patrick . Publication, Distribution, et. DeKalb, Ill. All rights are reserved by their owners. Download book Roosevelt confronts Hitler : America's entry into World War II, Patrick J. DeKalb, Il. .Northern Illinois University Press, (c)1987.

While broadly concerned about the nature of New Deal diplomacy, Patrick J. Hearden's Roosevelt Confronts Hitler pays special attention to American policy toward Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1941. Basing his conclusions on information gathered from his extensive research in various archives and private collections, Hearden presents a persuasive reinterpretation of how and why the United States went to war with Germany in 1941. Although President Roosevelt repeatedly claimed in public speeches that Hitler was bent upon world conquest, the question of strategic defense was not the primary factor underlying the American decision to enter the war. Moreover, despite the genuine concern of Roosevelt and his advisors for the plight of the Jews inside the Third Reich, this ethical question was even less important than the issue of national security in prompting the preparation for war. The American decision to enter the war, Hearden argues, was actually based much more upon economic considerations and ideological commitments than on either moral aspirations or military apprehensions. Roosevelt, his advisors, and influential business leaders were primarily concerned about the menace that triumphant Germany would present the free enterprise system in the United States. If Hitler and the Axis powers succeeded in dividing the world into exclusive trade zones, the New Deal planners would have to regulate the American economy to create an internal balance between supply and demand. Convinced that capitalism could not function within the framework of only one country, they chose to fight to keep foreign markets open for surplus American commodities and thereby to preserve entrepreneurial freedom in the United States.

Over the last year I have read several books attempting to get to the root of the question, "why did the U.S. go to war in WWII?" This book comes close to answering my question, but in the end does not sew-up certain inconsistencies (more on that later).

As to the premise of the book, and an excellent summary, I would refer you to the previous review by Mr. Paul Dunlap, and really cannot disagree with anything he has written. My review will hopefully add to what Mr. Dunlap has already written.

As a first comment, I am dismayed that this book has not received wider readership. This book was published in 1987, and I am only the third person to write an Amazon review on the book! By contrast, my other two primary resources on the subject ("Freedom Betrayed", by Herbert Hoover, Nov. 2011, and "The New Dealers' War", by Thomas Fleming, June 2002) have received (respectively) 38 and 72 Amazon reviews. So it's not like this is a completely obscure topic. This book deserves at least as much attention as the other two. Perhaps this lack of attention is due in-part to the title ("Roosevelt Confronts Hitler - America's Entry Into World War II"). This is not an accurate title. Rather, it might be "The Roosevelt Administration Confronts the Economies of Fascist Regimes as the Motivation for America's Entry Into World War II". (Not a very catchy title, but infinitely more accurate.) As it turns out (from what I grasp from this book), it was not so much FDR himself who initially guided the U.S. into WWII, but rather others (and in particular, Cordell Hull and other State Department officials, and U.S. business leaders) who helped to formulate the concept of defeating totalitarian regimes in order to preserve U.S. export trade. It was not "FDR vs. Hitler", but rather "FDR's administration vs. German and Japanese trade policies".

Now, for the book itself. Let me first say that this is history written in a very fine form. The author (Dr. Patrick Hearden - Ph.D.) provides 54 pages of citations in order to support his argument set forth in only 245 pages of text. (This must be a record for a ratio of text-to-refs!) The citations are quite varied (i.e., he does not rely on only a few limited sources), and he provides a large number of actual quotations in the text. Given the vast amount of resources used, Dr. Hearden has done a masterful job of distilling it all down to a succinct argument in only 245 pages. While I suspect that this distillation has omitted some contrary information, in general I felt that the book presented a relatively even-handed argument. In particular I commend Dr. Hearden for keeping his tome free of outright opinion - that is, he pretty much lets the record speak for itself.

However, I have a fundamental problem with the argument set forth by Dr. Hearden. He presents a very cogent argument that FDR (and/or his staffers) identified Germany as the primary economic threat to the U.S., and the consequent desire to go to war with Germany first (and Japan later) in order to protect U.S. export trade. But Dr. Hearden then completely ignores the fact that FDR simultaneously goaded both Japan and Germany into war in 1941. It is noteworthy that FDR refused to meet with Japan's Prince Konoye in late 1941, stating that he would only meet to address "specific issues" after "general principles" had been resolved by foreign office folks. (See page 215.) But isn't it the charge of the President to resolve "general principles" first, and then leave "specific issues" to the diplomatic corps? After all, FDR had no problem in later meeting with Churchill and Stalin to discuss "general principles" regarding the war. The fact that Dr. Hearden mentions, but does not address, this intransigent position of FDR with respect to Japan tends to undermine his argument. Further, the fact that FDR made no attempt to meet or communicate with Hitler prior to 1942 tends to suggest that FDR had a hidden agenda. This should have been mentioned, but was not.

In conclusion, this book provides one more piece of the puzzle (i.e., why the U.S. went to war in WWII), but it is not the definitive tome on the subject. It is a significant contribution to the subject, but not the end-all tome to settle the issue. I'm not sure that any one "end-all" tome on the subject currently exists, but this book should certainly be read by anyone interested in the topic.

This book provides the readers with very interesting facts that have been overlooked by the official "fairy tale" version of the Pearl Harbor attack.

This book is an excellent exposition of the finer and lesser known economic and political landscape leading up to the second world war. The author discusses the economic policies of the Third Reich and of the United States, and how these conflicting policies put the two nations on a collision course toward a conflict that could only be avoided by a drastic divergence of either party from its economic objectives and strategy. The other world players, such as Japan, the United Kingdom, Italy, Russia, and France are also discussed, but there is no question of who the leading actors are. In the modern world, where most students and history enthusiasts tend to focus much more closely on the events more immediately preceding the war, or in the secondary issues of military strategy or tactics, this book is incredibly refreshing, because it provides insight into the world situation and into the Third Reich that is much deeper than the typical explanation of a maniacal Adolf Hitler.

Early in the book, the author shows something of his liberal biases (which by no means cripple his insight) by stating that the United States was at a crossroads with the election of Roosevelt. The choice was how to fundamentally approach the depression with economic policy. Either the United States could try to revitalize industry by expanding overseas markets and getting output back to its full capacity, or the US could try to adjust domestic output more equitably (with work-sharing) measures so that the country could sustain itself comfortably and equitably over the long term with lower levels of domestic consumption and output. The author's implication is that pursuit of the latter option may have avoided the necessity for conflict.

That the Roosevelt administration opted to pursue the avenue of expanded foreign markets shows that, contrary to popular myth, he was not a departure for the left, but a centrist committed to a capitalist world order. The primary challenge facing America after this policy was decided was the other world players, primarily Germany but also Japan, were committed to gaining exclusive control over certain foreign markets, which would be incredibly damaging to American business. As Germany expanded its economic influence over eastern Europe, the United States viewed these encroachments with increasing trepidation, and the United Kingdom tightened its control over its economic sphere with the Ottawa accords in 1934, creating tension in Anglo-American relations.

Several attempts were made to establish a sphere of influence for American business, but it became clear that South America could not function exclusively as an outlet or colony, as Argentina competed strongly in the agricultural sphere, and demand for industrial products was not sufficient. The Germans also made inroads into the lucrative Brazilian market. When it became clear these efforts would not be sufficient, attempts were made to get the Germans to agree to fair trade practices and abandon their policy of bilateral, exclusionary agreements, but strong German nationalism brought these overtures to a bypass. American diplomats also hoped that the Hitler regime would collapse under domestic pressure if it could not sufficiently reinvigorate the German economy. To facilitate that process, America pursued a trade policy of starving Germany of vital raw materials. It was a gamble that would not pay off, as the Germans found other sources, and America lost leverage and built tension.
The broad picture is that while at the beginning of the 1930's, the United States had a variety of options for dealing with Germany diplomatically and economically, these options quickly eroded so that by the time the Nazis annexed Austria in March of 1938, it became clear that conflict was the only option left.

Japan was pursuing somewhat similar policies in the far east with its institution of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere and its closing of the economic outlet of mainland China through its aggressive war. The author makes clear though, that Germany was always regarded as the more serious threat and the nation that must be dealt with most severely.

As the book moves on chronologically toward the late 30's, the discussion of economic policy gives way somewhat to discussion of the military situation. One of the author's interesting revelations is that while, in retrospect, we view "The Axis" as composed of a solid relationship between Japan and Germany, it was not clear at the time that this was the alignment. Even in the autumn of 1941, it was unclear which way Japan would commit itself. Germany's ill-fated attack on Russia was an attempt to encourage the Japanese to commit themselves in the South Pacific by relieving pressure on their northern front, but it was not clear the Japanese would comply by driving south. Another interesting revelation was that the military experts were completely incorrect in their prognoses of the European situation. It was expected that the German campaign in France would be a long and hard fought French victory, and that the Russians would collapse quickly.

The author also provides a good description of the domestic environment in the United States, and how strong isolationism tied Roosevelt's hands, preventing any decisive action until Pearl Harbor swept the neutrality sentiment away almost instantaneously.

In short, this was an excellent book, very informative, with most of the information accessible to the intelligent layman. I would recommend it to anyone interested in the period and the background behind the American involvement in the war. I would be very happy if some scholar were to write a book like this about the background behind WWI.

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