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e-Book The AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I download

e-Book The AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I download

by Mark Ethan Grotelueschen

ISBN: 0521864348
ISBN13: 978-0521864343
Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (November 20, 2006)
Pages: 398
Category: Humanities
Subategory: Other

ePub size: 1463 kb
Fb2 size: 1914 kb
DJVU size: 1833 kb
Rating: 4.1
Votes: 771
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Mark Grotelueschen's balanced, nuanced assessment of American combat performance in World War I not only advances our understanding of the AEF but also sheds light on key aspects of contemporary military affairs. The not-so-simple process of learning in large military organizations.

Mark Grotelueschen's balanced, nuanced assessment of American combat performance in World War I not only advances our understanding of the AEF but also sheds light on key aspects of contemporary military affairs. how leaders take the ideas and concepts of doctrine and adapt (or fail to adapt) them to the often unexpected reality of the modern battlefield.

Mark Ethan Grotelueschen.

Mark Ethan Grotelueschen

Mark Ethan Grotelueschen. The AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

It shows how AEF combat units actually fought on the Western Front in World War I. It describes how four AEF divisions (the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) planned and conducted their battles and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. General John Pershing and other AEF leaders promulgated an inadequate prewar doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF.

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Do you want to read the rest of this article?

Mark Ethan Grotelueschen. It examines how four AEF divisions planned and conducted their battles, what they learned about modern combat in those battles, and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. It shows how AEF combat units actually fought on the Western Front in World War I.

Download books for free . It describes how four AEF divisions (the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) planned and conducted their battles, and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. General John Pershing and other AEF leaders promulgated an inadequate pre-war doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF.

Grotelueschen, who teaches at the Air Force Academy, is one of a number of recent historians who takes a less extreme view

Grotelueschen, who teaches at the Air Force Academy, is one of a number of recent historians who takes a less extreme view. The AEF Way of War, describes the training and performance of four divisions, the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th.

This book provides the most comprehensive examination of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) combat doctrine and methods ever published. It shows how AEF combat units actually fought on the Western Front in World War I. It describes how four AEF divisions (the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) planned and conducted their battles and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. General John Pershing and other AEF leaders promulgated an inadequate prewar doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF. Many early American attacks suffered from these unrealistic ideas that retained too much faith in the infantry rifleman on the modern battlefield. However, many AEF divisions adjusted their doctrine and operational methods as they fought, preparing more comprehensive attack plans, employing flexible infantry formations, and maximizing firepower to seize limited objectives.
Comments:
Геракл
Grotelueschen has written the best book so far at describing the way that the AEF functioned during the First World war. Groteluechen believes that AEF commaders at the lower level ignored Pershings advice about open warfare and practiced more of a European combined arms approach with set set piece attacks that used massive amounts of artillery. The 1st division almost constantly used European type tactics beginning with the defense of Cantigny and ending with the Meuse Argonne offensive. The 26th division used European methods but soon fell apart due to bad leadership and lack of replacements. The 2nd division at first adopted Pershings open warfare doctrine but changed its approach after suffering a large amount of losses in the summer of 1918, and it soon became effective once John Lejeune took over and implemented a doctrine based upon set piece attacks. Finally the 77th division practiced European warfare even though its commander, Robert Alexander, was a firm advocate of Pershings open warfare doctrine. The only weakness of this book is that Grotelueschen leaves out the 42nd and 35th divisions that were less successful in combat, nevertheless this is an excellent book at describing how the AEF operated in the First World War.

NiceOne
Good solid analysis of AEF on the tactical level. As a Connecticut resident particularly was impressed on the chapters on the 26th Yankee division.

Arador
This is simply one of the best books ever written about the AEF and ground combat during World War I. It is an outstanding and unique reference that should be in every public library in America, and every military exchange bookstore. It deals primarily with AEF planning and execution at the Division level, with some discussion of tactics at Brigade and below. The opening chapter addresses the dichotomy between "open war" doctrine and "trench war" doctrine. In subsequent chapters the author comes down in favor of trench warfare, which he clearly demonstrates was not resigned or ignorant slogging through the mud against the thickest part of the wire, but was in fact a deliberate application of all available technology to aid the approach of the infantry toward well-defined and limited objectives, followed by small unit maneuver and employment of specialized weapons (rifle grenades, mortars, automatic rifles, etc).
The author provides four Divisional case studies (1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) to illustrate how AEF Divisions trained, executed combat ops, learned, and adapted for subsequent battles. Each case study is comprised of two chapters. The first covers training and baptism of fire (Cantigny, Belleau Wood, Aisne-Marne, etc) with the second covering the Division's role in the AEF's final battles (St.Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne). Maps are good to excellent and staggered throughout the text. There are also a number of interesting anecdotes and themes, such as the fielding of the BAR, AEF GHQ favoritism toward the Regular Divisions vs. the National Guard, use of machinegun barrages, and Pershing's devotion to open war doctrine long after costly experience should have dissuaded him. All of this is meticulously researched through primary documents such as training memorandums, contemporary after action reports, and letters between senior leaders.
I couldn't help but be impressed by the professionalism, adaptability, and technological sophistication of most of the AEF commanders as they struggled to craft a workable doctrine on the fly. Frequently derided as "donkeys" in popular history, the author demonstrates that they were anything but.
The price of this book is steep, but worth it for the enthusiast. One addition that could complement future editions would be diagrams that show how infantry formations, artillery employment, and actions on contact evolved over time. I hope the author considers tackling the subject of how the AEF fought at battalion and below in a follow on book some day.

Dikus
Mark Grotelueschen's balanced, nuanced assessment of American combat performance in World War I not only advances our understanding of the AEF but also sheds light on key aspects of contemporary military affairs.

The not-so-simple process of learning in large military organizations ... the ambivalent role that training and hard-won experience play in shaping future combat performance ... how leaders take the ideas and concepts of doctrine and adapt (or fail to adapt) them to the often unexpected reality of the modern battlefield. All of these perennial issues receive careful, thoughtful treatment in Grotelueschen's well-structured study.

In a readable blend of narrative and analysis, the author looks at the training and battlefield experiences of four U.S. divisions and, in particular, explores how these units each adapted their tactics and techniques over time and across a number of campaigns on the Western Front throughout the summer and fall of 1918. The tension between two competing "ways of war" takes center stage in Grotelueschen's interpretation. On the one hand, there was the trench warfare refined over a number of years by the British and French and characterized by tightly controlled set-piece attacks supported with heavy machine-gun fire and meticulously planned artillery barrages in order to secure limited objectives. In stark contrast stood the uniquely American style of open warfare preferred by the AEF's senior leaders. Open warfare minimized fire support in favor of mobility and unrestrained maneuver--a way of fighting thought to be best suited for the aggressive American infantryman and one that (according to its relentless and eager advocates) unleashed the incalculable moral force of rifle and bayonet. As it turned out, open warfare minimized common sense in favor of dogma. It proved to be a way of fighting at odds with reality and well beyond the capabilities of the relatively inexperienced AEF in any case.

Almost from the start, American infantrymen doing the actual fighting knew better. Grotelueschen shows how, for the most part, units up to division level gradually shunned open warfare and its basically ineffective (and dangerous) tactics. Instead, from the bottom up, they adopted the methods of trench warfare with surprising--if mixed--success. The AEF Way of War is not another overview of World War I military operations. Grotelueschen's principal aim is to uncover the war of ideas taking place within the AEF's subordinate organizations. The author convincingly explains how units learned "to fight by fighting" and then adapted their tactics to meet the similar challenges of future campaigns.

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