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e-Book The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice download

e-Book The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice download

by Colin S. Gray

ISBN: 0199579660
ISBN13: 978-0199579662
Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (January 15, 2011)
Pages: 336
Category: Social Sciences
Subategory: Other

ePub size: 1192 kb
Fb2 size: 1506 kb
DJVU size: 1763 kb
Rating: 4.1
Votes: 397
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Colin S. Gray is Professor of International Politics and Strategic Studies at the University of Reading.

Colin S. He is a dual US-UK citizen and serves as an adviser in Washington, DC and London. Remarkably, Gray manages to do the opposite by attempting to include every conceivable level and conception of strategy without a clear organizing mechanism.

The book argues that strategy's general theory provides essential education for practicing strategists at all times and in all circumstances. As general theory, The Strategy Bridge is as relevant to understanding strategic behaviour in the Peloponnesian War as it is for the conflicts of the twenty-first century. The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice is an original contribution to the general theory of strategy.

The Strategy Bridge book. The book argues that strategy's general theory provides essential education for practicing strategists at all times and in all circumstances

The Strategy Bridge book. The Strategy Bridge presents the general theory of strategy and. The book argues that strategy's general theory provides essential education for practicing strategists at all times and in all circumstances.

The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice (Oxford, UK; Oxford University Press, 2010). Gray, Colin S. (2011). Harry S. Truman and the forming of American grand strategy in the Cold War, 1945–1953". Airpower for Strategic Effect (Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2012). Strategy and Defence Planning: Meeting the Challenge of Uncertainty (Oxford University Press, 2014). Dr. Colin S. Gray - Strategic Studies Institute Gray, Colin S. In Murray, Williamson; Sinnreich, Richard Hart; Lacey, James (ed.

Introduction: Holding the strategy bridge. Part I Strategy, strategic studies, and history. This new series focuses on the theory and practice of strategy

Introduction: Holding the strategy bridge. Part II Strategic issues. A selection of Colin Gray’s more important contributions to strategic debate, Strategy and History provides a unique perspective on the strategic history of the past thirty years. This new series focuses on the theory and practice of strategy. Following Clausewitz, strategy has been understood to mean the use made of force, and the threat of the use of force, for the ends of policy. This series is as interested in ideas as in historical cases of grand strategy and military strategy in action.

Book Format: Paperback. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12. Gray, The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice ( Oxford ; New York, NY: Oxford University Press, USA, 2011), 15. Harold R. Winton, On the Nature of Military Theory, in Toward a Theory of Spacepower: Selected Essays ( National Defense University Press, 2011), 20–21.

The book proceeds from exposition of general strategic theory, to address three basic issue areas that are not at all well explained, let alone understood with a view to advancing better practice, in the extant literature.

The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice is an original contribution to the general theory of strategy. The book proceeds from exposition of general strategic theory, to address three basic issue areas that are not at all well explained, let alone understood with a view to advancing better practice, in the extant literature.

Perspectives on Strategy is strongly complementary to the authors previous book, The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice (OUP, 2010). This new work takes a notably holisticview of strategic phenomena, which serves as a master framework within which detailed examination of strategic history and issues can usefully be pursued in the light of particular perspectives. Foundational for the argument in Perspectives on Strategy is the proposition that distinctive aspects of strategy (. ethics,culture, inter alia) can only be appreciated properly when they are regarded in context.

The Strategy Bridge presents the general theory of strategy and explains the utility of this general theory for the particular strategies that strategists need to develop in order to meet their historically unique challenges. The book argues that strategy's general theory provides essential education for practicing strategists at all times and in all circumstances. As general theory, The Strategy Bridge is as relevant to understanding strategic behavior in the Peloponnesian War as it is for the conflicts of the twenty-first century.The book proceeds from exposition of general strategic theory, to address three basic issue areas that are not at all well explained, let alone understood with a view to advancing better practice, in the extant literature. Specifically, The Strategy Bridge tackles the problems that harass and imperil strategic performance; probes deeply into the hugely underexamined subject of just what it is that the strategist produces-strategic effect; and 'joins up the dots' from theory through practice to consequences by means of a close examination of command performance.The author takes a holistic view of strategy, and is rigorously attentive to the significance of the contexts within which and for which strategies are developed and applied. The Strategy Bridge regards the strategist as a hero, charged with the feasible, but awesomely difficult, task of converting the threat and use of force (for military strategy) into desired political consequences. The strategist seeks some control over the rival or enemy via strategic effect, the instrumental produce of his instrumental labors. In order to maximize his prospects for success, the practicing strategist requires all the educational assistance that strategic theory can provide.
Comments:
Delaath
Excellent

Muniath
Colin Grey, The Strategy Bridge: Theory For Practice (London: Oxford University Press, 2010). An ambitious and self-described “bold” overview of 2300 years of strategic thinkers with a clear roadmap to the author’s favorites. Grey does declare that strategy can go “a bridge too far” by including so many variables as to be useless to practitioners. Humans can study war and form judgements, they can see through the shape shifting nature of war and discern its true nature. A strategist doesn’t have to be “the best,” only better than his or her opponent at any given point. Strategy is therefore simply “a quest for control” although it cannot avoid the law of physics or the dictates of geography and psychology. His selections include a wide range of overarching savants:
First Rank:
Carl von Clausewitz, On War (1832-34)
Sun-Tzu, The Art of War (ca 490 BCE)
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (400 BCE)
Second Rank:
Nicolo Machiavelli, The Art of War (1521)
The Prince (1522)
Discourses on Livy (1531)
Antoine Henry de Jomini, The Art of War (1839)
Basil Liddell Hart, Strategy: An Indirect Approach
(1921)
J. C. Wylie, Military Strategy: A General Theory
Of Power Control (1967)
Edward Luttwak, Strategy: The Logic of War and
Peace (2001)
Third Rank:
Bernard Brodie, The Absolute Weapons: Atomic Power and World Order (1946)
Strategy in the Missile Age (1959)
War and Politics (1973)
Thomas Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict (1960)
Arms and Influence (1966)

Other Contenders:
Julius Caesar, Commentaries (44 BCE)
Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power
Upon History 1666-1783 (1890)
Julian Corbett, England in the Seven Years War (1907)
Some Principles on Maritime Strategy (1911)
J.F.C. Fuller, Armament and History (1946)
John Boyd, A Discourse on Winning and Losing (1987)
Martin van Creveld, The Transformation of War (1991)
The Culture of War (2008)

It is good to see John Boyd getting is due. He is often overlooked for such an important set of insights.

Rude
Gray is a prolific and respected scholar of strategy, but in this case, he leaves the field more cluttered than how he found it.

Gray's goal is to introduce a general theory of "strategy" that both scholars and pratitioners can access. Remarkably, Gray manages to do the opposite by attempting to include every conceivable level and conception of strategy without a clear organizing mechanism. A statement in chapter 2 (p 82) exemplifies Gray's problem: "To avoid needless opacity, it is essential to recognize no fewer than eight sets of binary distinctions that are vital to understanding." In the conclusion (p 238), Gray then alerts the reader that understanding strategy requires "six broad, more than a little compound and generally positive claims [to be] assessed. These are succeeded by five cautions, or caveats, significant for both the theory and practice of strategy." You got all that?

Gray rightly wants to bypass the theoretical abstractions that make social scientists and their theories anathema to policy makers. However, Gray can make no one happy because he seems either to consciously ignore or not to understand the one value social scientists CAN do well: parsimony. Neither scholars nor policy makers will be content with a theory that reads like a catalogue. A good, contemporary counterpoint to Gray's expansive "general theory" is Yuan-kang Wang's "Harmony and War" (2011)*, which lays out a simple realist theory of grand strategy and then applies that framework to analyze two relevant periods in Chinese history. No, Wang is not developing a general theory, but my point is that he does articulate a mainstream theory about certain kinds of strategy that is simple and generalizable.

By contrast, Gray spends dozens of pages articulating 21 "dicta" of strategy, but at the end of the exercise, he still lacks a general theory of strategy that he could describe to a government official during a moderately long elevator ride. Some of Gray's dicta offer real insight, such as the notion that "all military behavior is tactical in execution, but must have operational and strategic effect," but most are hopelessly general, such as the uncontroversial claim that "strategies are driven, though not dictated and wholly determined, by their contexts, all of which are constantly in play."

By neglecting social scientific "theory"--or some other independent model of theory--Gray is left with lists of organizing priciples and a promising but underdeveloped notion, the "strategy bridge" (which asserts that strategy of all types is, in essence, the path between intended and actual outcomes). Gray strives to situate this work in a modern intellectual trajectory originating with the always too easily accepted grand master of strategy, Clausewitz. Gray says we must move beyond the Master, and he tips his hat to famous theorists such as Liddell Hart and Schelling. In the end, though, Gray circles back to Clausewitz: strategy is about proscribed ends and requires flexible means contingent upon circumstances. Gray concludes that strategy is "awesomely difficult to do well" and that the strategist bears ultimate responsibility for influencing adversaries and shaping outcomes. This, however, is a familiar general observation about strategy, not a new general theory.

*http://www.amazon.com/Harmony-War-Confucian-Politics-Contemporary/dp/0231151403/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1335366998&sr=8-1

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