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e-Book The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Cambridge Studies in International Relations) download

e-Book The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Cambridge Studies in International Relations) download

by Susan Strange

ISBN: 0521564298
ISBN13: 978-0521564298
Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (November 13, 1996)
Pages: 240
Category: Social Sciences
Subategory: Other

ePub size: 1946 kb
Fb2 size: 1392 kb
DJVU size: 1167 kb
Rating: 4.3
Votes: 336
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By allowing for actors other than the state, Strange has opened up a whole new world of analysis and assisted in solving many of the issues that traditional IR theory has failed to explain.

By allowing for actors other than the state, Strange has opened up a whole new world of analysis and assisted in solving many of the issues that traditional IR theory has failed to explain. 8 people found this helpful.

The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Cambridge Studies in International Relations) (Susan Strange)

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Cambridge Core - International Relations and International Organisations - The Retreat of the State - by Susan . The crisis of boundaries: Towards a new heterodoxy in the social sciences. Journal of Area Studies, Vol. 5, Issue.

Cambridge Core - International Relations and International Organisations - The Retreat of the State - by Susan Strange. Dombrowski, Peter 1997. A Principal-Agent Approach to Foreign Economic Policy: State-Business Relations during . Debt Crisis Management. Competition & Change, Vol. 2, Issue.

Susan Strange was a British scholar of international relations who was "almost single-handedly responsible for creating international political economy". Susan Strange earned a first in Economics at the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1943; it would be twenty years before she established her reputation as an academic. She raised a family of six and worked as a financial journalist f Susan Strange was a British scholar of international relations who was "almost single-handedly responsible for creating international political economy".

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Not only governments, argues Susan Strange in The Retreat of the State. Adopting new and much more comprehensive concepts of both power and politics, The Retreat of the State develops a theoretical framework to show who really governs the world economy.

Susan Strange (9 June 1923 – 25 October 1998) was a British scholar of international relations who was "almost single-handedly responsible for creating international political economy". Susan Strange was born on 9 June 1923 and graduated with a bachelor's degree in Economics from the London School of Economics (LSE) during the Second World War.

Not only governments, argues Susan Strange in The Retreat of the State

Not only governments, argues Susan Strange in The Retreat of the State.

Its originality and scope make The Retreat of the State of great importance for scholars and students of international relations, business and management. Adopting new and much more comprehensive concepts of both power and politics, The Retreat of the State develops a theoretical framework to show who really governs the world economy

Not only governments, argues Susan Strange in The Retreat of the State.

Who is really in charge of the world economy? Not only governments, argues Susan Strange in The Retreat of the State. Big businesses, drug barons, insurers, accountants and international bureaucrats all encroach on the so-called sovereignty of the state. Professor Strange examines the implications of this rivalry and points to some new directions for research in international relations, international business and economics.
Comments:
Hǻrley Quinn
Purchased for a faculty member and I received no complaints.

Onaxan
Power
The late Susan Strange's analyses of the `way of the world' are essential readings, because based on the cardinal concept of power: `Power is simply the ability of a person or a group so to affect outcomes that their preferences take precedence over the preferences of others.'
She applies this principle in this book to the power struggle for world dominance between States, and between the States and other major players of which transnational companies (TNCs) are the most important ones.
TNCs came to occupy the centre of world power because of the global shift from States to markets and the integration of national economies into one single world market.

Evaluation of the role of TNCs
Susan Strange's evaluation of the influence of the TNCs on world matters is astonishingly fair.
1. TNCs play a crucial role in determining who-gets-what in the world system via production, sales, services, location, employment, investment, research, innovation and taxation.
2. TNCs have done more than States and international organizations to redistribute wealth from the developed industrialized countries to poorer developing ones. (!)
3. TNCs played a major role in labor relations and in managing conflicts of interests.
4. TNCs have taken over the role of the State as tax-farmers and collectors of revenues (VAT).
5. TNCs form restrictive cartels to rig prices in favor of its members, constituting `conspiracies against the public'. The official war against these cartels is pretty much a farce.

States as Mafias
In one word, TNCs are a mighty parallel authority, turning the State into a Mafia-like organization: `Like a State, a Mafia is an economic parasite, in the sense that it raises revenue from the civil society by demanding payment for protection. Governments call this taxation to pay for public goods when they do it, extortion when the Mafia does it.'

Centre and periphery, the US as hegemon, leadership
The result of this power struggle is a growing asymmetry of power between States and the creation of a world hegemon, based on the alliance of a (mostly US) transnational business class and a State government (the US): 'within the soft velvet glove of worldly bureaucrats can be felt the iron fist of American power, exercised on behalf of the ruling elites of transnational capital.'
The power of the TNCs is virtually unchallenged. They are hierarchies and not democracies. Their CEOs can divide and rule like renaissance Princes over shareholders, employees, suppliers, distributors and `strategic' allies.
At the heart of the international political economy there is a power vacuum, not filled by inter-governmental institutions or by a hegemon who is willing to show leadership.
Moreover, the system of global governance is lacking an opposition. `There is no force to check the arbitrary or self-serving use of power, or to see that it is used at least in part for the common good.'

Warning
`If the power of financial markets is not balanced by any countervailing power such as used to be exercised by national banks, then this change in the mix of authority is a serious matter.'

The books of Susan Strange are a must read for all those interested in the world we live in.

fire dancer
The late Susan Strange was a renowned academic and political thinker who took the study of International Relations in a new direction. Her book, The Retreat of the State, takes a theoretical framework developed earlier by Strange and applies it to wide variety of situations in International Relations; situations that are rarely considered by mainstream IR writers, despite their almost daily effects on our lives.

Strange challenges the key assumption of IR and international political economics (`IPE') that it is the state that is the key player in IPE and puts forward a theory outlining how other players, from business to the Mafia, can effect IPE.

The first section of the book starts by outlining Stranges' theoretical assumptions, including that the State is not the key player in international political economics that it is sometimes made out to be. She also sets out the redefine what is traditionally thought of as power in IR relationships, arguing successfully that power should be thought of as more that simply political muscle, using a much broader definition. Power and politics is more than simply military strength.

The second half of the book uses six brief case studies, including the Mafia, Big Six accounting firms and Insurance, telecoms and cartels to test her theoretical assumptions. Using the theoretical base set up in the first half of the book, Strange looks at situations where there is, as she terms in, authority beyond that state. For example, in looking at organised crime, who often have sophisticated paramilitary organisations and governance structures, she suggests that the traditional way of looking at IPE (eg neo-liberal, realist and neo-realist) may be obsolete. The same with the Big Six accounting firms, whose power is derived from the States inability or refusal to create the rules for accounting and who have a disproportionate effect on the global economy. While Strange has not sought to explain in detail each of these cases, she has pointed out potential future research in these areas, using a theoretical framework that explains better than traditional IR theory.

Overall, this book represents an important step in the development of IPE theory and indeed in IR theory in general. By allowing for actors other than the state, Strange has opened up a whole new world of analysis and assisted in solving many of the issues that traditional IR theory has failed to explain.

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