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e-Book Judaism in the Beginning of Christianity download

e-Book Judaism in the Beginning of Christianity download

by Jacob Neusner

ISBN: 0800617509
ISBN13: 978-0800617509
Language: English
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers (September 5, 1984)
Pages: 116
Category: Judaism
Subategory: Religion

ePub size: 1605 kb
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DJVU size: 1465 kb
Rating: 4.3
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Jacob Neusner is one of the foremost scholars of Judaism (go to your local library, find the section on. .This books is smaller, but quite similar to his Judaism When Christianity Began: A Survey of Belief and Practice (2002).

Jacob Neusner is one of the foremost scholars of Judaism (go to your local library, find the section on Jewish literature, and I guarantee his name should appear a few times). For those who want to dip their toes in the shallower end of the pool before diving into the deep this is a solid primer.

Home Browse Books Book details, Judaism in the Beginning of Christianity. In this clearly written book, Jacob Neusner answers the central questions about the world of Judaism in which Christianity was born. Judaism in the Beginning of Christianity. He gives an overview of the history and religion of Israel and an analysis of the Judaic legacy as it endured among those who did not become Christians. He also discusses the troubling issue of the Pharisees and investigates the identity of the "historical Hillel.

Jacob Neusner (July 28, 1932 – October 8, 2016) was an American academic scholar of Judaism. Neusner was born in Hartford, Connecticut to Reform Jewish parents. He graduated from William H. Hall High School in West Hartford. He then attended Harvard University, where he met Harry Austryn Wolfson and first encountered Jewish religious texts.

In this clearly written book, Jacob Neusner answers the central questions about the world of Judaism in which Christianity was born. He also discusses the troubling issue of the Pharisees and investigates the identity of t In this clearly written book, Jacob Neusner answers the central questions about the world of Judaism in which Christianity was born

He has published more than 900 books and unnumbered articles, both scholarly and academic and popular and journalistic, and is the most published humanities scholar in the world. He has been awarded nine honorary degrees, including seven US and European honorary doctorates

Neusner has written this book to answer the central questions about the world of Judaism in which Christianity was born.

Neusner has written this book to answer the central questions about the world of Judaism in which Christianity was born. He also discusses the troubling issue of the Pharisees and investigates the identity of the 'historical Hillel. Judaism in the Beginning of Christianity (9780800617509) by Jacob Neusner.

Jacob Neusner, Noam Neusner, Noam . Neusner with an epilogue by William Scott Green. Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine: History, Messiah, Israel, and the Initial Confrontation (Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism). The Theology of the Halakhah (Brill Reference Library of Judaism). Download (PDF). Читать. The Halakhah: Historical and Religious Perspectives (Brill Reference Library of Judaism).

Jacob Neusner contradicts the prevailing view that following Christianity's ascendancy, Judaism continued to.With the conversion of Constantine in 312, Christianity began a period of political and cultural dominance that it would enjoy until the twentieth century.

Jacob Neusner contradicts the prevailing view that following Christianity's ascendancy, Judaism continued to evolve in isolation. Jacob Neusner contradicts the prevailing view that following Christianity's ascendancy, Judaism continued to evolve in isolation. The definition of issues long discussed in Judaism-the meaning of history, the coming of the Messiah, and the political identity of Israel-became of immediate and urgent concern to both parties.

Book by Neusner, Jacob
Comments:
Sirara
Jacob Neusner is one of the foremost scholars of Judaism (go to your local library, find the section on Jewish literature, and I guarantee his name should appear a few times). This books is smaller, but quite similar to his Judaism When Christianity Began: A Survey of Belief and Practice (2002). For those who want to dip their toes in the shallower end of the pool before diving into the deep this is a solid primer.

Chapter One: The World of Jesus' People: Israel in the Land of Israel-Rome in Palestine introduces the city of Jerusalem and the place of the Temple in Jewish culture (pp. 17-19). Neusner discusses how both Christians and later Jews interpreted the destruction of this Temple through the lens of the people's sin. It was "the sinning generation (p. 20)." Further groundwork is laid by exploring Herod's rule and his relationship with the Romans (pp. 20-22), the economic life of the people (pp. 22-23), the education of the people (pp. 23-24), and finally their social classes (pp. 24-25).

Neusner seems to depart from the idea of some scholars that education was rare in first century Israel. He says,

"Many of the people, rich and poor alike, received an education in the main disciplines of Jewish tradition. This education, centering on religious learning, was sufficiently broad to impart civilizing and humanizing lessons. What did ordinary people study? They learned the Holy Scriptures (pp. 21-22)."

He doesn't discuss literacy, but I think he rightly presents education at that time as not being dependent upon literacy. This is sometimes missed by us moderns. Also, he says that Jewish teaching wasn't as much about metaphysicals as (my wording) ethics or practice.

The "sects" of the Essenes, Sadducees, and Pharisees are given attention (pp. 25-28). In this section he discusses the Qumran sect, though he doesn't seem to directly equate them one-for-one with the Essenes. Neither do I find a denial of this. Rather, he notes that what we know about Qumran sounds a lot like what Josephus and Philo said about the Essenes. The Pharisees are described as "separatists" who tried "...to rebuild society on its own ruins with its own mortar and brick (p. 26)." He classifies the Zealots under the Pharisees' umbrella. The Pharisees as a whole are depicted as quite influential. They did observe many rules that causes them to sometimes "segregate" from the rest of the community. This seems to fit the Christian depiction, though the later Christian depiction is mostly negative.

The Sadducees are "upper-class" who were conservative "in both ritual and belief (p. 27)." They denied the oral traditions and interpretations of the Pharisees. They denied the survival of the soul, bodily resurrection, and anything they felt didn't match their exegesis. This attracted the wealthy and influential, so when the Temple fell they did not survive.

When addressing "normative Judaism" Neusner says that it didn't exist (p. 29). He finishes the chapter by addressing the limited self-government of the Jews as well as the role of women in their society ("...women is regarded as anomalous, man the norm and normal."), which wasn't very positive (e.g., no women priest, women not allowed in some parts of the temple, etc.) (pp. 31-32).

Chapter Two: Sages, Priest, Messiah explains the "holy men" of that time. "The scribe or sage (later "rabbi") centered on the Torah, the revelation of God to Moses at Mount Sinai, and laid stress upon study and interpretation and application of the teachings of the Torah to the everyday life of the Jewish people (p. 35)." The priest served in the temple.

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As regards Messiah:

"People who looked forward to the near-at-hand coming of the Messiah emphasized the issue of salvation. They thought that the great public events bore deep meaning for Israel's life, and so gave great emphasis to preparing now for an end that was coming soon (p. 35)."

The symbols of the time that corresponded were the "alter," the "scroll," and "a coin marked `Israel's freedom: Year One; for the messianic modality (p. 36)."

From this paradigm Neusner explores how people thought about "history," "time and eternity," "salvation," and "sanctification (pp. 39-44)."

Chapter Three: The Pharisees hones in on this sect because they are depicted as Jesus' "greatest competition" in the Gospels and the "Judaism" presented by the Pharisees is that which morphed and survived after the fall of the temple. We are introduced to the sources that tell us about the Pharisees (pp. 46-47), how they changed after 70 CE (pp. 47-48), their theology (pp. 48-49), and how polemics against the Pharisees shape our understanding of them now (pp. 49-50). Josephus' presentation of the Pharisees is summarized (pp. 50-52). Their relationship to Hellenist is explored (pp. 52-53). We are shown the different depictions of the Pharisees in the Gospels and later rabbinic writings (pp. 53-56) as well as what these presentations have in common (pp. 56-58). The chapter ends with "Women and Pharisaism (pp. 58-61)."

Chapter Four: The Figure of Hillel introduces us to the problems of "reconstructing" the "historic Hillel" from the sources we have. Neusner compares this to the "quest for the historical Jesus." It is Judaism's "counterpart."

Chapter Five: Judaism Beyond Catastrophe unpacks "the meanings of the events of 70 C.E. (p. 89)." Jews tried to interpret and understand the fall of Jerusalem and their temple. Christians said it was because the nation rejected Jesus, the Messiah (p. 91). "Jewish apocalyptics" agreed that it had to do with sin, but it wasn't because they rejected Jesus. They were unfaithful to their covenant, or as Baruch 3.10 says, "You have forsaken the fountain of wisdom."

As I stated above this book is a fine, short primer of Judaism in the first century. I don't think this would be a main textbook, but it could supplement. Also, it is a fine short read, especially for those just beginning to study Judaism when Christian begun.

Fenrinos
The title says it all, as regards the contents of the book. However, Jews and Christians both would benefit from reading this book. A masterful work by a great Jewish scholar. This book was on my reading list for an introductory course in Christology offered by a Catholic university. While it aims to address beginner students in the field of Christianity, it does not specifically aim at Christians and those of the Jewish persuasion would gain much from reading this book.

Tisicai
Good book on Judaism/Christianity

Downloaded
Excellent and didactic presentation of key questions dealing with the relationship between Judaism and Christianity.

Soustil
I found this book very informative. Unfortunately today too many main line denominations are unaware of their Jewish heritage and as a result they are often confused by the translations they read. Researching older documents and studying books such as this can help greatly to uncover obscure facts. This book alone is not the only source for answers but it does help in gaining understanding.

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