e-Book Meaning of Truth download

e-Book Meaning of Truth download

by Ralph Ross,William James

ISBN: 047209162X
ISBN13: 978-0472091621
Language: English
Publisher: The University of Michigan Press (April 1, 1970)
Pages: 336
Category: Philosophy
Subategory: Sociology

ePub size: 1658 kb
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Rating: 4.5
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William James Meaning of Truth, which further elaborates on his writings about truth in Pragmatism is, from a pragmatic and logical point of view, quite the achievement. James windings through the thought process of anti-pragmatists is something to behold.

William James Meaning of Truth, which further elaborates on his writings about truth in Pragmatism is, from a pragmatic and logical point of view, quite the achievement. As with his other works, James greatly contributes to the field of epistemology.

James interacted with a wide array of writers and scholars throughout his life, including his godfather Ralph Waldo Emerson, his godson William James Sidis, as well as Charles Sanders Peirce, Bertrand Russell, Josiah Royce, Ernst Mach, John Dewey, Walter Lippmann, Mark Twain, Horatio Alger, J. Henri Bergson and Sigmund Freud.

William James The Meaning of Truth. er are but fallible mortals. When they study the function of cognition, they do it by means of the same function in themselves.

William James The Meaning of Truth er are but fallible mortals. And knowing that the fountain cannot go higher than its source, we should promptly confess that our results in this field are affected by our own liability to err.

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States. James is considered to be a leading thinker of the late nineteenth century, one of the most influential philosophers of the United States, and the "Father of American psychology".

The Selected Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson. William Dean Howells. The Man of Letters as a Man of Business.

The complete text of The Meaning of Truth . Truth,’ I there say, ’is a property of certain of our ideas. It means their agreement, as falsity means their disagreement, with reality. The truth of an idea will then mean only its workings, or that in it which by ordinary psychological laws sets up those workings; it will mean neither the idea’s object, nor anything ’saltatory’ inside the idea, that terms drawn from experience cannot describe. One word more, ere I end this preface.

Similar books and articles. William James - unknown. William James on Truth and Invention in Morality. Sarin Marchetti - 2010 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 2 (2):127-161. Pragmatism, a New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking ; the Meaning of Truth, a Sequel to Pragmatism. William James - 1978 - Harvard University Press. The Cambridge Companion to William James. Henry Jackman - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (1):155-181. Pragmatism, and Four Essays From the Meaning of Truth.

Philosopher and psychologist William James was the best known and most influential American . A Pluralistic Universe. The Meaning of Truth.

Philosopher and psychologist William James was the best known and most influential American thinker of his time. The five books and nineteen essays collected in this Library of America volume represent all his major work from 1902 until his death in 1910. Some Problems of Philosophy. Octopus Address at the Centenary of Ralph Waldo Emerson The True Harvard Address on the Philippine Question The Chicago School Does ‘Consciousness’ Exist? A World of Pure Experience Answers to a Questionnaire How Two Minds Can Know One Thing Humanism and Truth Once More Is Radical Empiricism Solipsistic?

Rethinking Pragmatism explores the work of the American Pragmatists, particularly James and Dewey, challenging entrenched views of their positions on truth, meaning, instrumentalism, realism.

The meaning of truth, a sequel to "Pragmatism," Книга представляет собой репринтное издание. Rethinking Pragmatism explores the work of the American Pragmatists, particularly James and Dewey, challenging entrenched views of their positions on truth, meaning, instrumentalism, realis. John Wiley&Sons Limited, (формат: 130x195, 464 ст. электронная книга.

A follow-up book to James's classic, Pragmatism. Excellent, solid, hardcover edition!

This book is not the warm, wise, poetic James. He is arguing with other philosophers and his language is highly abstract and often unclear.

As I said in review of another book by William James, I bought
this for grandson who's in university in Rio de Janeiro, because
he asked me to find English versions, to compare with his
Portuguese texts, used in philosophy course.

Enough said. Grandson asked for this.

In 1907. William James published his short, highly-influential book "Pragmatism" which consisted of a series of eight lectures he had delivered in Boston and New York City. For the most part, "Pragmatism" was written in a popular, accessible style. James explained the pragmatic method as a means of resolving the tensions between religion and science, or, as he put it, the differences between "tough minded" and "tender minded" approaches to philosophy. James developed pragmatism as a method in which metaphysical disputes were to be resolved by testing their practical consequences in life. If the disagreement had no practical consequences, for James, the question was probably misformed or idle.

The most controversial part of "Pragmatism" consisted of its theory of truth which James developed in Chapter VI. He argued that the truth of an idea was the use that could be made of it, or as he put it in the Preface of his book, "The Meaning of Truth," "true ideas are those that we can assimilate, validate, corroborate, and verify. False ideas are those that we cannot." James's theory of truth appeared counter-intuitive to many people, philosophers and laymen alike, who believed that a true idea (or true statement, claim, proposition, etc) was one that corresponded in some sense to reality.

In order to explain further his view of truth and to respond to criticism, James gathered together thirteen of his published lectures and addresses on the subject. He added two additional lectures and a Preface and edited and published them in 1909 as a book "The Meaning of Truth: A Sequel to "Pragmatism". These essays show the development of James's thinking about the nature of truth and attempt to rebut criticism of the theory set forth in "Pragmatism". "The Meaning of Truth" differs in style from its famous predecessor. Where "Pragmatism" is nontechical and written for a lay audience, "The Meaning of Truth" was, for the most part written for professional philosophers. It is much more difficult to read and to understand. Yet it is essential to James's thought.

James had another explicit goal in writing "The Meaning of Truth" In addition to developing the pragmatic method, James also was committed to a philosophical view he called radical pluralism which he expounded in his 1907 book, "A Pluralistic Universe." In "Pragmatism", James had said that pragmatism could be accepted as a method without accepting radical pluralism. In the Preface to "The Meaning of Truth", James said that a major advantage to his theory of truth was that it cleared the philosophical ground of absolutes and of fixed, monistic entities behind, in some strange sense, the world of ordinary experience. With the need for absolutes or transcendental theories disposed of, James said, the doctrine of radical empiricism would be supported. That doctrine argued for the contingency, rather than necessity, of much of experience, and held further that the only things that philosophers could sensibly discuss were matters definable in terms drawn from experience.

The essays in "The Meaning of Truth" were originally written between 1884 and 1909, and in them James foreshadows, explains, defends, and subtly modifies the theory articulated in "Pragmatism". The most single section of the book is the Preface which James composed for the volume to explain where he had been in the theory of truth and where he was going. I will comment briefly on some of the key essays.

The first essay, "The Function of Cognition," written in 1884, explains the theory of truth in psychological terms -- some critics argue that throughout his writings James tended to confuse psychological with philosophical issues. Of the other essays in the book predating "Pragmatism", I found "The Essence of Humanism" written in 1905 most useful in stating James's position.

James's most sustained attempt to rebut critics of his doctrine was in his essay "The Pragmatist Account of Truth and its Misunderstanders" published in 1908. In this essay, James set forth what he deemed to be eight misunderstandings of pragmatism and struggled to answer these misunderstandings. This essay is essential in considering James's views. The essay "Two English Critics", first written for the volume attempts to answer Bertrand Russell's criticisms of James, and in the concluding "Dialogue" James tries to show how the pragmatic theory answers questions about which we have no experience -- say back in the early days of the earth before human beings appeared.

James's theory of truth is difficult and slippery, and he seems to change it subtly in response to critics. Several objections to the doctrine note its idealistic character in that James's theory seems to make true statements independent of the existence of reality -- of physical objects, say, existing independent of the knower. In "The Pragmatist Account of Truth", in the subsequent essays, and in the Preface, James tries to answer this objection by insisting that his pragmatism is committed to metaphysical realism -- to the existence of objects outside the knower and that his theory of truth works because it is about these objects. (In "A Pluralistic Universe", James's metaphysics seems more idealist in character.) Some readers take this response as qualifying James's pragmatic theory or even as giving away the game as it imparts a realist component to his epistemology that is over and above his theory of truth as what works, consistent with other beliefs. Ultimately it seems to me that James wants to have it both ways between a representational theory and a pragmatic theory.

Pragmatism as developed by James, Peirce, Dewey, and others is, in many forms and varieties, still much alive today. James laid the foundation for the doctrine in "Pragmatism" and in "The Meaning of Truth" but he did not say the last word. The former book is a grand introduction to the subject while the latter book is detailed and technical. Taken together the works will help the reader think about pragmatism and to understand a distinctive American contribution to philosophy.

Robin Friedman

In 1907 William James published a book of his recently delivered lectures called "Pragmatism" in which he detailed the links he found betwen the pragmatic frame of mind and the philosophical situation of his time. They caused a storm of controversy. Most particularly James's pragmatic musings on "truth" went down, with some, like a lead balloon. With "The Meaning of Truth" James meant to buttress his claims about truth and repel the barbs of his rationalistic enemies.
The key essay in the book in many ways is the third "Humanism and Truth". "Humanism" is James's preferred name for pragmatism. Here James lays out his thesis on truth as being a matter of continuity of experience and of useful relations with things. James always resisted the notion, commonly ascribed to many so-called pragmatists and relativists, that they "make it all up". Here James suggests that experience as a control is no mere fancy. James claimed to be constrained in his theorising about truth and constrained by the world that is empirically there all around us.
Read this book if you want a statement of James's position on truth or if you want pragmatist insights into the same topic. Or read it for plain intellectual fun. Its arguments are deceptively simple and particularly persuasive.

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